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ভাৰতৰ স্বাধীনতা আন্দোলনত অসমৰ ভূমিকা ৰচনা PDF

ভাৰতৰ স্বাধীনতা আন্দোলনত অসমৰ ভূমিকা ৰচনা PDF Download

ভাৰতৰ স্বাধীনতা আন্দোলনত অসমৰ ভূমিকা ৰচনা PDF Download for free using the direct download link given at the bottom of this article.

ভাৰতৰ স্বাধীনতা আন্দোলনত অসমৰ ভূমিকা ৰচনা PDF Details
ভাৰতৰ স্বাধীনতা আন্দোলনত অসমৰ ভূমিকা ৰচনা
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Categoryঅসমীয়া | Assamese
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ভাৰতৰ স্বাধীনতা আন্দোলনত অসমৰ ভূমিকা ৰচনা

প্ৰিয় পাঠক সকল, ইয়াত আমি প্ৰদান কৰিছো প্ৰিয় পাঠক সকল, ইয়াত আমি ভাৰতৰ স্বাধীনতা আন্দোলনত অসমৰ ভূমিকা PDF আপোনালোক সকলোকে আগবঢ়াইছো।আপোনালোক সকলোকে। দেশৰ স্বাধীনতা সংগ্ৰামৰ ইতিহাসত অসমে গুৰুত্বপূৰ্ণ ভূমিকা পালন কৰিছিল। ভাৰতৰ এই পূব অংশত ১৯ শতিকাৰ প্ৰথমাৰ্ধত প্ৰথমবাৰৰ বাবে ব্ৰিটিছ বিৰোধী উত্থান ঘটিছিল। ১৮২৬ চনত য়াণ্ডাবু সন্ধিৰ পিছত অসমখন প্ৰত্যক্ষ ব্ৰিটিছৰ আধিপত্যৰ অধীনলৈ আহিছিল।

তেতিয়াৰ পৰা আভিজাত্য আৰু সাধাৰণ জনসাধাৰণ উভয়ৰে অন্তৰ্গত অসমৰ বহু স্বাধীনতাপ্ৰেমী লোকে বিদেশী আধিপত্যৰ পৰা মুক্ত হোৱাৰ প্ৰজ্বলিত বাসনা অনুভৱ কৰিবলৈ আৰম্ভ কৰিছিল। স্বাধীনতাৰ শিখাই এতিয়া সমগ্ৰ উপমহাদেশখনক ইমানেই আৱৰি ধৰিলে যে বিদেশী শাসকসকলৰ বাবে জুই নিৰ্বাপন কৰাটো অসম্ভৱ হৈ পৰিল। গতিকে, অতি সোনকালেই ব্ৰিটিছসকলে ভাৰত ত্যাগ কৰিবলগীয়া হ’ল আৰু ১৯৪৭ চনৰ ১৫ আগষ্টত জাতিটোৰ বাকী অংশৰ লগতে অসমতো দীৰ্ঘদিনীয়া আদৰৰ স্বাধীনতাৰ পোহৰেৰে আলোকিত হ’ল৷

ভাৰতৰ স্বাধীনতা আন্দোলনত অসমৰ ভূমিকা ৰচনা PDF

Assam has been under the rule of several dynasties among which the Varman dynasty, Koch, Kachari, and Ahom are the most prominent ones. During the 13th century, Sukaphaa a Tai prince who belonged to Mong Mao, which is presently a part of China came to Assam crossing the Patkai range along with about 9000 followers, and established the Ahom Dynasty in the year 1228. They ruled over the state for about 600 years, during which the Delhi Sultanate and Mughals attacked the state 17 times but failed to establish their authority.

However, with time the rule of Ahoms had weakened owing to some internal politics. Assam was invaded by Burma thrice between 1817 and 1826 and during this time Kingdom of Assam (Ahom) came under the control of Burma from 1821 to 1825. The First Anglo-Burmese War and the Treaty of Yandaboo in 1826 brought an end to the Burmese rile in Assam and marked the beginning of British rule. In the year 1826, the British annexed the Ahom kingdom and in 1838 AD, all of northeast India became part of the Bengal Presidency of British India.

The rule of the East India Company ended in 1858 and the whole of India came under the direct control of the British Crown. The assessment of land revenue was increased, and income tax, stamp duties, etc., were also imposed by the new administration and it carried on trade in opium and salt in the State and earned considerable profit thereby. The British discovered that the region of Assam was an implicit goldmine for them and they got into the process of development and progress.

The British dissolved the Ahom administrative structure made Bengali the official language and recruited Bengali Hindus for various posts instead of the local populace. Coal, limestone, and iron mines were opened and the government offered incentives to European entrepreneurs to start plantations for the production of tea, rubber, chinchona (source of quinine) hemp, and jute. The British brought in contract labor from Bihar, Orissa, and Andhra Pradesh. By the turn of the century, one and a half million such coolies were employed on 700 plantations producing 145 million pounds of tea annually.

The first revolt against the British was led by Dhananjay Borgohain and Gunadhar Konwar in 1828 AD. Gunadhar Konwar was sentenced to seven years in prison and Dhananjay Borgohain, having been sentenced to death fled to the Matak kingdom. There he secretly joined hands with his own sons Harakanta and Haranath, son-in-law Jeuram Dulia Baruah, and many others and made plans to attack Rangpur.

But before they were betrayed by one of their associates, Sadiya Khowa Gohain and several members of the group were hanged and others were debarred from the country. Thereafter, the British control over Assam was strengthened. The famous Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 AD, found an echo in Assam under the leadership of Maniram Dewan and Piyoli Barua, who were eventually hanged in 1858 AD.

Meanwhile, the British had sought to clamp the linguistic freedom of the natives by introducing Bengali as the medium of instruction in 1837 AD. However it ended in a fiasco because owing to the efforts of the American Baptist Missionaries, and noted intellectuals of the day like Anandaram Dhekial Phukan, Hem Chandra Baruah, and Gunabhiram Baruah, Assamese was reinstated as the medium of instruction in 1873 AD.

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