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Communist Manifesto PDF Details
Communist Manifesto
PDF Name Communist Manifesto PDF
No. of Pages 68
PDF Size 0.53 MB
Language English
CategoryEnglish
Source marxists.org
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Communist Manifesto

Dear readers, here we are offering the Communist Manifesto PDF to all of you. The Communist Manifesto was originally published on 21 February 1848. It was written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It was originally written in the German language. It is a very famous book in the Philosophy genre.

Communist Manifesto was translated by Samuel Moore. Karl Marx also known as Karl Heinrich Marx FRSA was a famous German philosopher, a critic of political economy, economist, historian, sociologist, political theorist, journalist, and socialist revolutionary born on 5 May 1818.

Communist Manifesto Short Summary PDF

The Communist Manifesto reflects an attempt to explain the goals of Communism, as well as the theory underlying this movement. It argues that class struggles, or the exploitation of one class by another, are the motivating force behind all historical developments. Class relationships are defined by an era’s means of production.

However, eventually, these relationships cease to be compatible with the developing forces of production. At this point, a revolution occurs and a new class emerges as the ruling one. This process represents the “march of history” as driven by larger economic forces.

Modern Industrial society in specific is characterized by class conflict between the bourgeoisie and proletariat. However, the productive forces of capitalism are quickly ceasing to be compatible with this exploitative relationship. Thus, the proletariat will lead a revolution. However, this revolution will be of a different character than all previous ones: previous revolutions simply reallocated property in favor of the new ruling class.

Author Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
Translator Samuel Moore
Country United Kingdom
Language German
Genre Philosophy
Publication date
21 February 1848
Text The Communist Manifesto

However, by the nature of their class, the members of the proletariat have no way of appropriating property. Therefore, when they obtain control they will have to destroy all ownership of private property, and classes themselves will disappear.

The Manifesto argues that this development is inevitable and that capitalism is inherently unstable. The Communists intend to promote this revolution and will promote the parties and associations that are moving history towards its natural conclusion. They argue that the elimination of social classes cannot come about through reforms or changes in government. Rather, a revolution will be required.

The Communist Manifesto has four sections. The first section discusses the Communists’ theory of history and the relationship between proletarians and the bourgeoisie. The second section explains the relationship between the Communists and the proletarians. The third section addresses the flaws in other, previous socialist literature. The final section discusses the relationship between the Communists and other parties.

About the Authors of The Communist Manifesto PDF

  • Karl Heinrich Marx
Born
Karl Heinrich Marx

5 May 1818

Trier, Prussia, German Confederation
Died 14 March 1883 (aged 64)

London, England
Burial place 17 March 1883, Tomb of Karl Marx, Highgate Cemetery, London
Nationality
  • Prussian (1818–1845)
  • Stateless (after 1845)
Education
  • University of Bonn
  • University of Berlin
  • University of Jena (PhD, 1841)[2]
Political party
  • Communist Correspondence Committee (until 1847)
  • Communist League (1847–1852)
  • International Workingmen’s Association (1864–1872)
Spouse(s)
Jenny von Westphalen (m. 1843; died 1881)
Children 7, including Jenny, Laura and Eleanor
Parents
  • Heinrich Marx (father)
  • Henriette Pressburg (mother)
Relatives
  • Louise Juta (sister)
  • Jean Longuet (grandson)

Philosophy career

Era 19th-century philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School
  • Continental philosophy
  • Marxism
Thesis Differenz der demokritischen und epikureischen Naturphilosophie (The Difference Between the Democritean and Epicurean Philosophy of Nature) (1841)
Doctoral advisor Bruno Bauer
Main interests
  • Philosophy
  • economics
  • history
  • politics
Notable ideas
Marxist terminology, value form, contributions to dialectics and the Marxian critique of political economy, class conflict, alienation and exploitation of the worker, the materialist conception of history

About Friedrich Engels

Born 28 November 1820

Barmen, Jülich-Cleves-Berg, Kingdom of Prussia
(part of modern Wuppertal, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany)
Died 5 August 1895 (aged 74)

London, England
Nationality German
Political party Communist Correspondence Committee (until 1847)
Communist League
(1847–1852)
International Workingmen’s Association (1864–1872)

Philosophy career

Education Gymnasium zu Elberfeld (withdrew)
University of Berlin (no degree)
Notable work
The Condition of the Working Class in England, Anti-Dühring, Socialism: Utopian and Scientific, The German Ideology
Era 19th-century philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Continental philosophy
Marxism
Main interests
Political philosophy, political economy, class struggle, criticism of capitalism
Notable ideas
Alienation and exploitation of the worker, dialectical materialism, historical materialism, false consciousness

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