History of Indian Flag PDF

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History of Indian Flag PDF Details
History of Indian Flag
PDF Name History of Indian Flag PDF
No. of Pages 11
PDF Size 0.93 MB
Language English
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History of Indian Flag

Dear readers, today we are going to share the History of Indian Flag PDF for all of you. As you all know that every independent nation in the world has its flag which is a symbol of the independent country. The national flag of India was adopted during a meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947, a few days before independence from the British on 15 August 1947.

Controversy is found in the making of the Indian national flag. According to many historians, it is believed that it was built by ‘Pingali Venkayya’. He was an Indian freedom fighter. The national flag of India is also known as Tiranga because the word “Tiranga” refers to the Indian national flag. This national flag has dark saffron colour at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom.

In the middle of the white stripe is a dark blue wheel that represents the wheel. Its design is taken from the Ashoka Chakra. The history of the Indian flag is considered to be pre-independence. The first Indian flag came into existence between 1904 and 1906 and was made by an Irish disciple of Swami Vivekananda. Her name was Sister Nivedita and after some time this flag came to be known as Sister Nivedita’s flag.

History of Indian Flag PDF / Evolution of Indian Flag PDF

Sr.No. Term Description
1. Name Tiraṅgā (meaning “Tricolour”)
2. Use National flag
3. Adopted 22 July 1947; 75 years ago
4. Proportion 3: 2
5. Designed by Pingali Venkayya
6. Country India
7. Design A horizontal triband of Indian saffron, white, and Indian green; charged with a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes in the centre.

Colours of the Flag

In the national flag of India, the top band is of Saffron colour, indicating the strength and courage of the country. The white middle band indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra. The last band is green in colour showing the fertility, growth, and auspiciousness of the land.

The Chakra

This Dharma Chakra depicted the “wheel of the law” in the Sarnath Lion Capital made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The chakra intends to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.

Flag Code

On 26th January 2002, the Indian flag code was modified and after several years of independence, the citizens of India were finally allowed to hoist the Indian flag over their homes, offices, and factories on any day and not just on National days as was the case earlier.

Now Indians can proudly display the national flag anywhere and at any time, as long as the provisions of the Flag Code are strictly followed to avoid any disrespect to the tricolour. For the sake of convenience, the Flag Code of India, 2002, has been divided into three parts.

Part I of the Code contains a general description of the National Flag. Part II of the Code is devoted to the display of the National Flag by members of the public, private organizations, educational institutions, etc. Part III of the Code relates to the display of the National Flag by Central and State governments and their organizations and agencies.

History of the Indian National Flag

The Indian National Flag represents India’s long struggle for freedom. It signifies the status of India as an independent republic. The flag came into being in its present form at the meeting of the Constitutional Assembly on 22 July 1947.

Since then it has served as the National Flag of the Dominion of India from 15 August 1947 to 26 January 1950 and, thereafter, as the national flag of the Republic of India. The Indian National Flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya and contains three equal strips of saffron, white and green.

The history of the Indian National Flag over the years:

Indian flag in 1904-06: The history of the Indian flag dates back to the pre-independence era. It was between 1904 and 1906 that the first Indian flag came into existence. It was made by an Irish disciple of Swami Vivekananda. Her name was Sister Nivedita and after some time this flag came to be known as Sister Nivedita’s flag.

This flag consisted of red and yellow colours. Red signified the freedom struggle and yellow was a symbol of victory. It had the words “Bonde Matoram” in Bengali written on it. The flag also contained a figure of ‘Vajra’, the weapon of the god ‘Indra’, and a white lotus in the middle. The ‘Vajra’ is a symbol of strength and the lotus depicts purity.
Indian flag in 1906




Indian flag in 1906: After Sister Nivedita’s flag, another flag was designed in 1906. It was a tricolour with three equal strips of blue (top), yellow (middle) and red (lower). In this flag, the blue strip had eight stars of slightly different shapes. The red strip had two symbols, one of the sun and the other of a star and a crescent.

The yellow strip had ‘Vande Mataram’ written on it in the Devnagiri script. In the same year, another version of the Indian flag was created. It was also tricolour but its colours were different. It had orange, yellow and green and came to be known as the ‘Calcutta flag’ or ‘Lotus flag’, as it had eight half-open lotuses on it.

Indian flag in 1907




Indian flag in 1907: In 1907 came Madam Bhikaji Rustom Cama’s flag. The flag was collectively designed by Madam Bhikaji Cama, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (Veer Savarkar) and Shyamji Krishna Varma. The flag was unfurled by Madam Cama on 22 August 1907 at Stuttgart, Germany, and attained the status of the first Indian flag to be hoisted in a foreign land.

Indian flag in 1916: In 1916 Pingali Venkayya, a writer and a geophysicist, designed a flag to bring the whole nation together. He met Mahatma Gandhi and sought his approval. Mahatma Gandhi suggested he incorporate a charkha as a symbol of the economic regeneration of India, in the flag.

The flag had two colours and a ‘Charkha’ drawn across them but Mahatma Gandhi did not approve of it as he thought that red represented the Hindu community and green Muslims, but the other communities of India were not represented in the flag.

Indian Flag in 1917




Indian Flag in 1917:The Home Rule League formed by Bal Gangadhar Tilak adopted a new flag in 1917, as at that time Dominion status was being demanded in India. The flag had the Union Jack at the top, near the hoist. The rest of the flag contained five red and four blue stripes. It had seven stars on it in the shape of the ‘Saptarishi’ constellation which is supposed to be the sacred one for Hindus.
Indian flag in 1921




Indian Flag in 1921:As Mahatma Gandhi wanted all the communities of India to be represented in the flag of the nation, a new flag was designed. This flag had three colours. At the top was white then green and at the bottom was red. White symbolised minority communities of India, green Muslims, and red represented Hindu and Sikh communities.

The ‘Charkha’ was drawn across all the bands symbolising the unification of these communities. The pattern of this flag was based on the flag of Ireland, another nation which was struggling to get its independence from Britain.

Indian flag in 1931




Indian Flag in 1931: Some people were not happy with the communal interpretation of the flag. Keeping this in view, a new flag was designed which replaced red with ochre. This colour signified the combined spirit of both religions as saffron was the colour of Hindu yogis as well as Muslim darvesh.

But the Sikh community also demanded a separate representation in the flag or the complete abandonment of religious colours. This resulted in another flag by Pingali Venkayya. This new flag had three colours. Saffron was at the top followed by white in the middle and green at the bottom.

Indian flag in 1947




Indian Flag in 1947: When India got independence, a committee headed by Rajendra Prasad was formed to select the National Flag of India. The committee decided to adopt the flag of the Indian National Congress, with suitable modifications, as the flag of independent India.

As a result, the flag of 1931 was adopted as the Indian flag but the ‘Charkha’ in the middle was replaced by ‘Chakra’ (wheel) and hence our National Flag came into being.

British India Flag 1858-1947




British India Flag 1858-1947:This flag was introduced by British India in 1858. The design of the flag was based on western heraldic standards and it was similar to flags of other British colonies, including Canada and Australia.

The blue banner included the Union Flag in the upper-left quadrant and a Star of India capped by the royal crown in the middle of the right half.

Significance of Indian National Flag colours:

Saffron: Saffron is a symbol of courage and sacrifice.

White: The white colour represents honesty, peace, and purity. It highlights the importance of maintaining peace in the country.

Green: The green colour represents faith and chivalry. It is a symbol of prosperity, vibrancy, and life.

Ashoka Chakra: The Ashoka Chakra or the Dharma Chakra (Wheel of Law) has 24 spokes and appears on several edicts of Ashoka.

Some Interesting Facts about the National Flag-

  • The Indian flag was hoisted on the highest mountain peak in the world, Mount Everest, on 29 May 1953.
  • On 22 August 1907 in Stuttgart, Germany, Madam Bhikaji Rustom Cama was the first person to hoist the Indian flag on foreign soil
  • In 1984 the Indian National Flag flew into space when Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma became the first Indian to travel to space.
  • The flag was attached as a medallion to their space suit of Sharma.
  • The National Flag hoisted at Central Park, Connaught Place, New Delhi, is one of the largest in India.
  • It is 90 feet in length, and 60 feet in width and is hoisted on a flagpole of 207 feet.
  • In Chennai in December 2014, India holds the world record for the largest human flag which was formed by 50,000 volunteers.

History of Indian Flag PDF Design & Specifications

Sizes of the National Flag
Flag size Width and height (mm) Diameter of Ashoka Chakra (mm)
1 6300 × 4200 1295
2 3600 × 2400 740
3 2700 × 1800 555
4 1800 × 1200 370
5 1350 × 900 280
6 900 × 600 185
7 450 × 300 90
8 225 × 150 40
9 150 × 100 25

The Do’s:

  • The National Flag may be hoisted in educational institutions (schools, colleges, sports camps, scout camps, etc.) to inspire respect for the Flag. An oath of allegiance has been included in the flag hoisting in schools.
  • A member of the public, a private organization, or an educational institution may hoist/display the National Flag on all days and occasions, ceremonial or otherwise consistent with the dignity and honour of the National Flag.
  • Section 2 of the new code accepts the right of all private citizens to fly the flag on their premises.

The Don’ts:

  • The flag cannot be used for communal gains, drapery, or clothes. As far as possible, it should be flown from sunrise to sunset, irrespective of the weather.
  • The flag cannot be intentionally allowed to touch the ground or the floor or trail in the water. It cannot be draped over the hood, top, and sides or back of vehicles, trains, boats, or aircraft.
  • No other flag or bunting can be placed higher than the flag. Also, no object, including flowers or garlands, or emblems can be placed on or above the flag. The tricolour cannot be used as a festoon, rosette, or bunting.

Indian Flag Colour Code FF PDF

Materials Colours
Colour X Y Z Brightness, Percent
India saffron (Kesari) 0.538 0.360 0.102 21.5
White 0.313 0.319 0.368 72.6
India green 0.288 0.395 0.317 8.9

Note that the values given in the table correspond to CIE 1931 colour space. Approximate RGB values for use may be taken to be: India saffron #FF9933, white #FFFFFF, India green #138808, navy blue #000080.[6] Pantone values closest to this are 130 U, White, 2258 C, and 2735 C.

Colour scheme India saffron (Kesari) White Green Navy Blue
Pantone 130 U 000 C 2258 C 2735 C
CMYK 0-40-80-0 0-0-0-0 86-0-94-47 100-100-0-50
HEX #FF9933 #FFFFFF #138808 #000080
RGB 255, 153, 51 255, 255, 255 19, 136, 8 0, 0, 128

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