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Hypertension Guidelines 2022 PDF

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Hypertension Guidelines 2022 PDF Details
Hypertension Guidelines 2022
PDF Name Hypertension Guidelines 2022 PDF
No. of Pages 15
PDF Size 1.97 MB
Language English
CategoryEnglish
Source guidelines.hypertension.ca
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Hypertension Guidelines 2022

Dear reader, if you are searching for Hypertension Guidelines 2022 PDF and cannot find it anywhere then don’t worry you are on the right page. High blood pressure (HTN or HT), also known as hypertension (HBP), is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is constantly elevated. High blood pressure usually does not cause any symptoms. However, long-term high blood pressure is a major risk factor for stroke, coronary artery disease, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, peripheral artery disease, vision loss, chronic kidney disease, and dementia. High blood pressure is a leading cause of premature death worldwide.

High blood pressure is classified as primary (essential) hypertension or secondary hypertension. 90–95% of cases are primary, defined as hypertension due to unspecified lifestyle and genetic factors. Lifestyle factors that increase the risk include excess salt in the diet, being overweight, smoking, and drinking alcohol. The remaining 5-10% of cases are classified as secondary hypertension, which is defined as high blood pressure due to an identifiable cause such as chronic kidney disease, narrowing of the renal arteries, an endocrine disorder, or the use of birth control pills.

Hypertension Guidelines 2022 PDF – Definition of Hypertension

  • Most major guidelines recommend diagnosing hypertension after repeated tests in the office or clinic when a person’s systolic blood pressure (SBP) is 140 mm Hg and/or their diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is 90 mm Hg. Is. , Table 1 presents the classification of BP based on office BP measurement, and Table 2 presents the ambulatory and home BP values ​​used to define hypertension; These definitions apply to all adults (>18 years old). These BP categories are designed to align treatment approaches with BP levels.
  • High-normal BP is used to identify individuals who may benefit from lifestyle interventions and receive pharmacological treatment if compelling symptoms are present.
Classification in adults (Persons with systolic and diastolic in different categories are assigned to the higher category.
Category Systolic, mmHg Diastolic, mmHg
Hypotension < 90 < 60
Normal 90–119
90–129
60–79
60–84
Prehypertension
(high normal, elevated)
120–129
130–139
60–79
85–89
Stage 1 hypertension 130–139
140–159
80–89
90–99
Stage 2 hypertension >140
160–179
>90
100–109
Hypertensive crises ≥ 180 ≥ 120
Isolated systolic hypertension ≥ 140 < 90
Isolated diastolic hypertension < 140 ≥ 90

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