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Salman Rushdie Biography
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Salman Rushdie Biography

Dear friends, here we are going to share Salman Rushdie Biography PDF for all of you. Ahmed Salman Rushdie was born on 19 June 1947 in Bombay during the British Raj. His full name is Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie CH FRSL. He is one of the most famous and popular American novelists, writers and professors.

His father’s name was Anis Ahmed Rushdie who was a famous Cambridge-educated lawyer-turned-businessman and his mother’s name was Negin Bhatt who was a teacher. Ahmed Salman Rushdie has three sisters. Rushdie wrote in his 2012 memoir that his father adopted the name Rushdie in honour of Averroes (Ibn Rushd).

His most controversial novel is his fourth novel which named is The Satanic Verses. It was published in 1988. In 1983 Salman Rushdie was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. Salman Rushdie has been married four times. He was married to his first wife, Clarissa Luard. His second wife was Marianne Wiggins. His third wife was Elizabeth West and his fourth wife is Padma Lakshmi.

Salman Rushdie Biography PDF: Highlights

Born Ahmed Salman Rushdie
19 June 1947 (age 75)
Bombay, Bombay Presidency, British India (now Mumbai, Maharashtra, India)
Occupation
  • Writer
  • professor
Citizenship
  • United Kingdom
  • United States (since 2016)
Education King’s College, Cambridge (BA)
Genre
  • Magic realism
  • satire
  • postcolonialism
Subject
  • Historical criticism
  • travel writing
Notable awards
  • Booker Prize
    1981 Midnight’s Children
  • Ordre des Arts et des Lettres – Commandeur
    1999
  • Knight Bachelor
    2007
Spouse
Clarissa Luard
(m. 1976; div. 1987)​​​

Marianne Wiggins

(m. 1988; div. 1993)​

Elizabeth West
(m. 1997; div. 2004)​
Padma Lakshmi

(m. 2004; div. 2007)​

Children 2
Relatives Natalie Rushdie (daughter-in-law)

Salman Rushdie Biography PDF

  • Anglo-Indian author Salman Rushdie is one of the leading novelists of the twentieth century. His style is often likened to magic realism, which mixes religion, fantasy, and mythology into one composite reality. He has been compared to authors such as Peter Carey, Emma Tennant, and Angela Carter.
  • His somewhat flippant and familiar way of treating religion has provoked criticism, however, peaking in the Ayatollah of Iran’s issue of a fatwa (a death order) in response to The Satanic Verses, his fourth novel. Ahmed Salman Rushdie was born on June 19, 1947, in Bombay, India, to a middle-class Muslim family. His father was a businessman, educated in Cambridge, and his grandfather was an Urdu poet.
  • At fourteen, he was sent to England for schooling, attending the Rugby School in Warwickshire. In 1964, his family, responding to the growing hostilities between India and Pakistan, joined many emigrating Muslims by moving to Karachi, Pakistan. These religious and political conflicts deeply affected Rushdie, although he stayed in England to attend King’s College in Cambridge, where he studied history.
  • While in school, he also joined the Cambridge Footlights theatre company. Following his graduation in 1968, he began working in Pakistani television. Later, he also acted with the Oval House theatre group in Kennington, England, and until 1981, he wrote freelance copy for advertisers Ogilvy and Mather and Charles Barker.
  • In 1975, Rushdie published his first novel. Grimus, a science fiction story inspired by the twelfth-century Sufi poem “The Conference of the Birds,” was largely ignored by both critics and the public. Rushdie’s literary fortunes changed in 1981, when the publication of his second novel, Midnight’s Children, brought him international fame and acclaim.
  • The story is a comic allegory of Indian history and tells of the 1001 children born after India’s Declaration of Independence, each of whom possesses magical power. It won the Booker Prize for Fiction, the English-Speaking Union Award, the James Tait Black Memorial Prize (fiction), and an Arts Council Writers’ Award.
  • In 1993 and 2008, it was named the “Booker of Bookers,” acknowledging it as the best recipient of the Booker Prize for Fiction in the award’s history. His third novel, Shame (1983), was commonly regarded as a political allegory of Pakistani politics. It used a wealthy family as a metaphor for the country and included characters based on former Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.
  • It won the Prix du Meilleur Livre Etranger and made the shortlist for the Booker Prize. In 1987, Rushdie published a short travel narrative titled The Jaguar’s Smile. In 1988, Rushdie became the centre of a controversy surrounding the publication of his fourth novel, The Satanic Verses, which revolves around two Indian actors who struggle with religion, spirituality, and nationality.
  • Although the book won the Whitbread Award, Rushdie’s free adaptation of Islamic history and theology caused the orthodox Muslim Ayatollah Khomeini of Iran to issue a fatwa, a call for all obedient Muslims to assassinate him.
  • The book was banned and burned in many countries, and several people involved with its publication were injured and killed. After the death threat, Rushdie shunned publicity and went into hiding for many years, although he continued to write.

Short Biography of Salman Rushdie

If you want to read also the short biography of Salman Rushdie then here you can read it easily.

Early Life

  • Ahmed Salman Rushdie was born on 19 June 1947 in Bombay, then British India, into a Kashmiri Muslim family.
  • He is the son of Anis Ahmed Rushdie, a Cambridge-educated lawyer-turned-businessman, and Negin Bhatt, a teacher.
  • Rushdie has three sisters. He was educated at Cathedral and John Connon School, Bombay, Rugby School in Warwickshire, and King’s College, Cambridge, where he read history.

Career

  • Rushdie’s first novel, Grimus (1975), a part-science fiction tale, was generally ignored by the public and literary critics.
  • His next novel, Midnight’s Children (1981), catapulted him to literary notability. This work won the 1981 Booker Prize and, in 1993 and 2008, was awarded the Best of the Bookers as the best novel to have received the prize during its first 25 and 40 years.
  • After Midnight’s Children, Rushdie wrote Shame (1983), in which he depicts the political turmoil in Pakistan, basing his characters on Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq.
  • His most controversial work, The Satanic Verses, was published in 1988. It was followed by Haroun and the Sea of Stories in 1990.
  • In addition to books, Rushdie has published many short stories.2008 saw the publication of The Enchantress of Florence, one of Rushdie’s most challenging works that focus on the past.
  • It tells the story of a European’s visit to Akbar’s court and his revelation that he is a lost relative of the Mughal emperor.
  • His novel Luka and the Fire of Life, a sequel to Haroun and the Sea of Stories, was published in November 2010 to critical acclaim.
  • Earlier that year, he announced that he was writing his memoirs, entitled Joseph Anton: A Memoir, which was published in September 2012.
  • 2015 saw the publication of Rushdie’s novel Two Years Eight Months and Twenty-Eight Nights, a shift back to his old beloved technique of magic realism.
  • 2019 saw the publication of Rushdie’s fourteenth novel Quichotte, inspired by Miguel de Cervantes’s classic novel Don Quijote.

Novels

  • Salman Rushdie is the author of thirteen novels: Grimus, Midnight’s Children (which was awarded the Booker Prize in 1981), Shame, The Satanic Verses, Haroun and the Sea of Stories, The Moor’s Last Sigh, The Ground Beneath Her Feet, Fury, Shalimar the Clown, The Enchantress of Florence, Luka and the Fire of Life, Two Years Eight Months and Twenty-Eight Nights, and The Golden House.
  • His fourteenth novel, Quichotte, is forthcoming from Random House in the Fall of 2019.

Satanic Verses

  • The publication of The Satanic Verses in September 1988 caused immediate controversy in the Islamic world because of what was seen by some to be an irreverent depiction of Muhammad.
  • In response to the protests, on 22 January 1989 Rushdie published a column in The Observer that called Muhammad “one of the great geniuses of world history,” but noted that Islamic doctrine holds Muhammad to be human, and in no way perfect. He held that the novel is not “an anti-religious novel.

Salman Rushdie Awards and Honors

Ahmed Salman Rushdie has received many plaudits for his writings, including the European Union’s Aristeion Prize for Literature, the Premio Grinzane Cavour (Italy), and the Writer of the Year Award in Germany, and many of literature’s highest honours.

Awards and honours include:

Sr. No. Awards and Honours
1. Golden PEN Award
2. Hans Christian Andersen Literature Award (2014)
3. Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from Indiana University (2018)
4. Outstanding Lifetime Achievement in Cultural Humanism (Harvard University)
5. PEN Pinter Prize (UK)
6. St. Louis Literary Award from the Saint Louis University Library Associates
7. State Prize for Literature (Austria)
8. Swiss Freethinkers Award 2019

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