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Stephen Hawking Biography
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Stephen Hawking Biography

Dear users, today we are going to offer Stephen Hawking Biography PDF for all of you. Stephen Hawking was one of the most talented and famous English theoretical physicists and cosmologists. The full name of Stephen Hawking is Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA. He was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford. Stephen Hawking was also known as a very popular author.

It is said that at the time of his death he was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge. He was the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge between 1979 and 2009. Stephen Hawking was born into a family of physicians.

At the age of 17, he began his university education at University College in Oxford in October 1959. At Oxford University he received a first-class BA degree in physics. He died on 14 March 2018. He got numberless awards in his life including the Adams Prize (1966), Eddington Medal (1975), Maxwell Medal and Prize (1976), Albert Einstein Award (1978) etc.

Stephen Hawking Biography PDF Overview

Full Name and Born Stephen William Hawking CH CBE FRS FRSA

8 January 1942

Oxford, England
Died 14 March 2018 (aged 76)

Cambridge, England
Resting place Westminster Abbey[1]
Education
  • University College, Oxford (BA)
  • Trinity Hall, Cambridge (PhD)
Known for
Hawking radiation
A Brief History of Time
Penrose–Hawking theorems
Black hole information paradox
Micro black hole
Primordial black hole
Chronology protection conjecture
Soft hair (No hair theorem)
Bekenstein–Hawking formula
Hawking energy
Hawking–Page phase transition
Gibbons–Hawking ansatz
Gibbons–Hawking effect
Gibbons–Hawking space
Gibbons–Hawking–York boundary term
Hartle–Hawking state
Thorne–Hawking–Preskill bet
Spouse(s)
Jane Wilde​

(m. 1965div. 1995)

Elaine Mason

(m. 1995div. 2007)

Children 3, including Lucy
Awards
    • Adams Prize (1966)
    • Eddington Medal (1975)
    • Maxwell Medal and Prize (1976)
    • Heineman Prize (1976)
    • Hughes Medal (1976)
    • Albert Einstein Award (1978)
    • Albert Einstein Medal (1979)
    • RAS Gold Medal (1985)
    • Dirac Medal (1987)
    • Wolf Prize (1988)
    • Prince of Asturias Award (1989)
    • Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences (1992)
    • Andrew Gemant Award (1998)
    • Naylor Prize and Lectureship (1999)
    • Lilienfeld Prize (1999)
    • Albert Medal (1999)
    • Copley Medal (2006)
    • Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009)
    • Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics (2012)
    • BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2015)
Scientific career
Fields
  • General relativity
  • quantum gravity
Institutions
  • Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge
  • California Institute of Technology
  • Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
Thesis Properties of Expanding Universes (1966)
Doctoral advisor Dennis W. Sciama
Other academic advisors Robert Berman
Doctoral students
  • Bruce Allen
  • Raphael Bousso
  • Bernard Carr
  • Fay Dowker
  • Christophe Galfard [fr]
  • Gary Gibbons
  • Thomas Hertog
  • Raymond Laflamme
  • Don Page
  • Malcolm Perry
  • Christopher Pope
  • Marika Taylor
  • Alan Yuille
  • Wu Zhongchao
  • 27 others
Website www.hawking.org.uk

Stephen Hawking Biography Religion and Atheism PDF

Hawking was an atheist. In an interview published in The Guardian, Hawking regarded “the brain as a computer which will stop working when its components fail”, and the concept of an afterlife as a “fairy story for people afraid of the dark”. In 2011, narrating the first episode of the American television series Curiosity on the Discovery Channel, Hawking declared:

We are each free to believe what we want and it is my view that the simplest explanation is there is no God. No one created the universe and no one directs our fate. This leads me to a profound realization. There is probably no heaven, and no afterlife either. We have this one life to appreciate the grand design of the universe, and for that, I am extremely grateful.

Hawking’s association with atheism and freethinking was evident from his university years onwards when he had been a member of Oxford University’s humanist group. He was later scheduled to appear as the keynote speaker at a 2017 Humanists UK conference. In an interview with El Mundo, he said:

Before we understand science, it is natural to believe that God created the universe. But now science offers a more convincing explanation. What I meant by ‘we would know the mind of God is, that we would know everything that God would know if there were a God, which there isn’t. I’m an atheist.

In addition, Hawking stated:

If you like, you can call the laws of science ‘God’, but it wouldn’t be a personal God that you would meet and put questions to.

Famous Books of Stephen Hawking

Sr.No. Year

Most Popular Books of Stephen Hawking

1. 1998 A Brief History of Time
2. 1993 Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays
3. 2001 The Universe in a Nutshell
4. 2002 On the Shoulders of Giants
5. 2005 God Created the Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs That Changed History
6. 2011 The Dreams That Stuff Is Made of: The Most Astounding Papers of Quantum Physics and How They Shook the Scientific World
7. 2013 My Brief History
8. 2018 Brief Answers to the Big Questions

Stephen Hawking Biography Awards and Recognitions PDF

Sr.No. Awards Year
1. Adams Prize (1966)
2. Eddington Medal (1975)
3. Maxwell Medal and Prize (1976)
4. Heineman Prize (1976)
5. Hughes Medal (1976)
6. Albert Einstein Award (1978)
7. Albert Einstein Medal (1979)
8. RAS Gold Medal (1985)
9. Dirac Medal (1987)
10. Wolf Prize (1988)
11. Prince of Asturias Award (1989)
12. Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences (1992)
13. Andrew Gemant Award (1998)
14. Naylor Prize and Lectureship (1999)
15. Lilienfeld Prize (1999)
16. Albert Medal (1999)
17. Copley Medal (2006)
18. Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009)
19. Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics (2012)
20. BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award (2015)

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