For Colored Girls Who Have Considered PDF

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For Colored Girls Who Have Considered PDF Details
For Colored Girls Who Have Considered
PDF Name For Colored Girls Who Have Considered PDF
No. of Pages 41
PDF Size 2.35 MB
Language English
CategoryeBooks & Novels
Download LinkAvailable ✔

For Colored Girls Who Have Considered

Dear users, here we are going to present For Colored Girls Who Have Considered PDF for all of you. The full name of For Colored Girls Who Have Considered is For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide / When The Rainbow is Enuf. It was written by Ntozake Shange. It is her first work and most acclaimed theatre piece. It premiered in 1976.

By events of Shange’s own life, For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide / When The Rainbow is Enuf is a piece of work inspired. It consists of a series of poetic monologues to be accompanied by dance movements and music, a form Shange coined as the choreopoem.

It tells the stories of seven women who have suffered oppression in a racist and sexist society. The author of it Ntozake Shange was an American playwright and poet. She addressed issues relating to race and Black power in much of her work as a Black feminist. She is best known for her Obie Award-winning play, For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide / When the Rainbow Is Enuf.

For Colored Girls Who Have Considered PDF: Details


Written by Ntozake Shange
  • Lady in Red
  • Lady in Blue
  • Lady in Purple
  • Lady in Yellow
  • Lady in Brown
  • Lady in Green
  • Lady in Orange
Date premiered September 15, 1976
Place premiered Booth Theatre
Genre Choreopoem

For Colored Girls Who Have Considered PDF Overview

  • A choreopoem is a work of art that combines dance, music, and poetry. Because the medium focuses as much on nonverbal communication as the written word, choreopoems are performance pieces.
  • Ntozake Shange originated this format in 1974, when for colored girls who have considered suicide/ when the rainbow is enuf debuted in San Francisco, California.
  • Later, the choreopoem made its Broadway debut in December 1976, a move that Shange describes as “either too big for my off-off-Broadway taste, or too little for my exaggerated sense of freedom, held over from seven years of improvised poetry readings” (xv).
  • Shange performed in the first show as the lady in orange; in earlier performances, she appeared as the lady in brown. Sometimes referred to as for colored girls, this work is the foundation of Shange’s lasting legacy as a multidisciplinary artist.
  • Her influences include her time dancing with African Dance companies and her work as a poet reading and writing with women of color in San Francisco.
  • This study guide references the first edition from Scribner Poetry, published in 1997. The original text and this study guide both include references to rape, murder, and domestic abuse.

For Colored Girls’ Who Have Considered Summary

  • In the choreopoem, for colored girls covers many topics specific to Black girls coming of age and trying to understand their place in the world. Many pieces discuss sexuality and relationships.
  • Others explore the sociopolitical challenges that Black women faced at the time. Often, the speakers in the poems present their struggles, overcome those struggles, or dream of being in other places.
  • Because it was written by a Black woman for Black women, the play uses African American Vernacular English (AAVE), including the n-word.
  • Shange also uses the term “colored” instead of Black or African American because this term was acceptable in the 1970s, and Shange especially wanted to use familiar language so her grandmother would understand her work.
  • Shange’s work does not adhere to the Standard American English conventions and instead utilizes AAVE spelling and pronunciation and eschews conventions like capitalization and punctuation.
  • This technique became synonymous with the Black Arts Movement of the 1960s and ’70s and with Shange’s contemporaries like activist and poet, bell hooks. Thwarting grammatical standards was meant to focus the reader’s attention on the writer’s ideas and signal the writer’s rejection of the sexism and racism that pervade modern American English.
  • Shange also appropriates the forward-slash (/) for her own purposes. Instead of indicating line breaks, Shange uses forward slashes to introduce equivalent alternatives to words and phrases that can be used interchangeably, to indicate a pause in speaking, or to create a rhythm for the actress to adapt in performance.
  • In this study guide, Shange’s marks remain intact, and this guide employs a double forward-slash (//) to indicate an official line break in the text.

For Colored Girls’ Who Have Considered PDF Free

Ntozake Shange’s For Colored Girls who Have Considered Suicide/ When the Rainbow is Enuf: Style & Theme

  • First of all, Shange writes in the form of a choreopoem. A choreopoem is a piece of work that is written as a poem but is intended to be acted out on stage sort of like an opera. It is constructed in such a way that it flows just as well on paper as it does on stage. She either writes in all capital letters or all lower case letters and never mixes them.
  • This creates a style that she is personally known for. It sets her apart from other writers and makes her work original. None of the characters has names or any type of identity except for the colour of their clothes. When the piece is done on stage the characters are never introduced they are just eventually recognized by the colour of their dresses.
  • This makes it a little difficult to follow for the reader or spectator at first but after the work is underway each individual may find they relate to a certain color and begin to follow the specific character wearing that certain color. This is another literary tactic that Shange uses to separate herself from other writers.
  • Shange writes much of her work from personal experience which makes her writing twice as interesting and powerful. She writes several different poems and has them all flow together as one, incredible piece of work. Shange epitomizes the choreopoem style of writing.
  • The theme of Colored Girls is mainly Shange’s view of other women of her own race. She writes of dreams that all black women had during her time. Dreams of love and of the good life were the only things that kept many women going according to Shange.
  • Despite all of the dreams and the steps that black women took to reach them they always seemed to be shattered by some heartless lover or destroyed at the hand of the white folk. Shange writes with such passion that anyone no matter what their background can receive the message in her writing and benefit from it.
  • “I can’t now I can’t be nice to nobody nice is such a rip-off” This exert from the book shows Shange’s view of life and social issues after she moved to Harlem. She has obviously lost all confidence and respect for everyone around her.
  • Throughout the book, Shange continually bashes men and the way they treated women in Harlem. She talks about the oppression that women had to endure when they gave everything that they were to a man and then that man took it all away without a second thought.
  • Obviously, there are a lot of unhealthy feelings held by black women when they cannot even afford to be nice to anyone for fear of being hurt or even raped for no reason. The message or theme that Shange wants everyone, not only other black women, who read her work to get is her description of what it means to be a black woman in a world of harsh streets, deceitful men, and aching loss.
  • She wants people to know that black women do not want their pity but their applause for the courage that it took to live through those difficult times. Shange felt that people should know what things were like for coloured women and that it wasn’t a walk in the park to endure what they had to endure.
  • She is seeking respect from everyone who reads her writing. Shange accomplishes her goal by combining her captivating style and touching content in her work For Colored Girls who have Considered Suicide/ When the Rainbow is Enuf.

About the Author of For Colored Girls Who Have Considered PDF

Paulette Linda Williams

October 18, 1948

Trenton, New Jersey, U.S.
Died October 27, 2018 (aged 70)

Bowie, Maryland, U.S.
Education Columbia University (BA)
University of Southern California (MA)
  • Playwright
  • author
  • poet
Known for for colored girls who have considered suicide / when the rainbow is enuf
Relatives Savannah Shange (daughter)

Ifa Bayeza (sister) Bisa Williams (sister)

Paul T. Williams, Jr. (brother)

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