International Women’s Day History PDF

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International Women’s Day History PDF Details
International Women’s Day History
PDF Name International Women’s Day History PDF
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Language English
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International Women’s Day History

Here in this article, we are providing an International Women’s Day History PDF. International Women’s Day was the earliest edition of what was reportedly a “Women’s Day” organized by the Socialist Party of America on February 28, 1909, in New York City.

This prompted the German delegates at the 1910 International Socialist Women’s Conference to propose “a special Women’s Day”, which would be held annually regardless of a set date; The following year saw the first demonstration and commemoration of International Women’s Day across Europe.

International Women’s Day History PDF – Summary


There was great unrest and critical debate among women. The oppression and inequality of women were driving women to be more vocal and active in the campaign for change. Then in 1908, 15,000 women marched in New York City demanding fewer hours, better pay, and voting rights.]


According to a declaration by the Socialist Party of America, the first National Woman’s Day (NWD) was celebrated across the United States on February 28. Women continued to celebrate the NWD on the last Sunday of February until 1913.


The Second International Conference of Working Women was held in Copenhagen in 1910. A woman named Clara Zetkin (Leader of the ‘Women’s Office’ for the Social Democratic Party in Germany) came up with the idea of ​​International Women’s Day. He proposed that every year a celebration should be held in every country on the same day – a Women’s Day – to press for their demands. More than 100 women’s conventions from 17 countries, representing unions, socialist parties, working women’s clubs, and including the first three women elected to the Finnish parliament, greeted Zetkin’s suggestion with unanimous approval, and thus international Women’s Day was the result.


Following an agreed decision in Copenhagen in 1911, International Women’s Day (IWD) was honored for the first time in Austria, Denmark, Germany, and Switzerland on 19 March. More than one million women and men participated in IWD rallies campaigning for women’s rights to work, vote, train, hold public office, and end discrimination. However, less than a week later on March 25, the tragic ‘triangle fire’ in New York City killed more than 140 working women, most of whom were Italian and Jewish immigrants. This disastrous event drew significant attention to working conditions and labor laws in the United States that later became the focus of the events of International Women’s Day. 1911 also saw women’s ‘bread and roses’ campaign.


On the eve of World War I, campaigning for peace, Russian women celebrated their first International Women’s Day on the last Sunday in February 1913. After discussion in 1913, International Women’s Day was moved to 8 March and the day remains the global date for International. Since then Women’s Day. In 1914, women across Europe held rallies to campaign against the war and to express women’s solidarity.


On the last Sunday of February, Russian women launched a strike for “bread and peace” in response to the deaths of more than 2 million Russian soldiers in the war. Women continued to strike in protest against political leaders until the Tsar was forced to step down four days later and the Provisional Government gave women the right to vote. The start date for the women’s strike was Sunday 23 February on the Julian calendar in use in Russia. The day in use elsewhere on the Gregorian calendar was March 8.

Women and girls experience the greatest impacts of the climate crisis as it exacerbates existing gender inequalities and puts women’s lives and livelihoods at risk. Across the world, women are more dependent on natural resources, yet have less access, and often bear disproportionate responsibility for securing food, water, and fuel.

As women and girls bear the burden of climate impacts, they are also essential in driving change and advancing climate adaptation, mitigation, and solutions. Without involving half of the world’s population, it is unlikely that solutions for a sustainable planet and a gender-equal world will be achieved tomorrow.

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