Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF

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Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Questions and Answers

Dear friends, here we are going to offer Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF for all of you. If you are studying in class 10th and want to get the Questions and Answers then through our article, you can download Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Important Questions and Answers Pdf which can be very useful for you. In this post, you can also find Social Science Class 10 Pdf from the year 2010 to 2020 CBSE board exams.

In this article, we have collected all the important questions and their answers to Social Science Geography Chapter 7 for the help of those students who want to get a high score in their exams. Today, India is known as a major country in the world. In CBSE Notes Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 – Lifelines of National Economy, you will see how modern means of transport and communication serve as lifelines of our nation and its modern economy.

Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF

Q.1) State any three merits of roadways.

Ans.

The growing importance of road transport is rooted in the following reasons:

  • The construction cost of roadways is much lower than that of the railways.
  • Its maintenance is also cheap and easy.
  • Roads can be built in mountainous areas. The roads can traverse comparatively more dissected and undulating topography.
  • Roads can negotiate higher gradients of slopes and as such can traverse mountains such as the Himalayas.
  • Road transport is economical in the transportation of a few persons and a relatively smaller amount of goods over short distances.
  • It provides door-to-door service, which results in a lower cost of loading and unloading.
  • It is used as a feeder to other modes of transport such as they provide a link between railway stations, air, and seaports.
  • Road transport connects fields with markets and factories.
  • Road transport is useful for the transport of perishable commodities.

Q.2) Where and why is rail transport the most convenient means of transportation?

Ans.

  1. Railways can transport a larger number of goods and passengers over long distances at an economical cost. Hence, railways are the most convenient means of transport in the vast northern plains of India.
  2. The flat terrain, dense population, rich agricultural resources and greater industrial activity have favoured the development of railways in this region.
  3. The northern plains, therefore, have the densest railway network.
  4. Railways have accelerated the development of industry and agriculture in this region
    by providing quick availability of raw materials and distributing the finished products to the markets.
  5. However, in spite of the fact that railways are the most convenient means of transportation on northern plains, a large number of rivers requiring the construction of bridges across their wide beds posed some obstacles.

Q.3) What is the significance of the border roads?

Ans.

The significance of Border Roads is as mentioned below :

  1. Border Roads are vital road links along the frontiers of our country.
  2. These roads are of strategic importance.
  3. These roads have improved accessibility in areas of difficult terrain mainly in the northern and northeastern border areas.
  4. They have played a major role in the economic development of these areas.
  5. These roads are constructed and maintained by the Border Roads Organisation a government of India undertaking which was established in 1960.

Q.4) Describe different kinds of roads according to their capacity.

Ans.

The roads are classified into six classes according to their capacity as mentioned below :

(1) Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways :

  1. It is a major road development project linking Delhi-Kolkata-Chennai-Mumbai and Delhi by six-lane Super Highways.
  2. The object of these Super Highways is to meet the requirements of fast movement of traffic in the country and to reduce the time and distance between the megacities of India.
  3. The north-South corridor connects Srinagar (JK) to Kanniyakumari (Tamil Nadu).
  4. The East-West corridor connects Silchar, (Assam) to Porbandar (Gujarat).
  5. These highway projects are being implemented by the National Highway Authority of
    India (NHAI). ”

(2) National Highways :

  1. National Highways link extreme parts of the country including one state with another.
  2. These are primary road systems of national importance. Therefore, these are con¬structed and maintained by the Central Public Works Department (CPWD) of the central government.
    The historical Sher Shah Suri Marg is called National Highway No. 1 between Delhi and Amritsar.
  3. A number of major National Highways run in North-South and East-West directions.

(3) State Highways :

  1. These roads link a state capital with different district headquarters.
  2. These roads are constructed and maintained by the State Public Works Department in State and Union Territories.

(4) Rural Roads :

  1. Rural roads or village roads link rural areas and villages with towns.
  2. Under Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana provisions have been made to link every village in the country to a major town by an all-season motorable road. Thus, it is hoped that the condition of rural roads will improve in future.

(5) District Roads :

  1. These roads connect the district headquarters with other places in the district.
  2. These roads are maintained by the Zila Parishad.

(6) Border Roads :

  1. These roads are in the border areas of the country.
  2. Border Roads Organisation which is a Government of India undertaking constructs and maintains these roads.
  3. These roads are of strategic importance in the northern and north-eastern border areas.
  4. These roads have improved accessibility in areas of difficult terrain.
  5. These roads have also helped in the economic development of these areas.

Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Extra questions and Answers PDF

Q.5) How roads are classified on the basis of the type of material used for their construction?

Ans.

On the basis of the type of material used for their construction, roads are classified into two types as mentioned below :

(1) Metalled roads :

  1. These roads are made of cement concrete or even bitumen or coal tar.
  2. One can go fast on metalled roads.
  3. These are all-weather roads.
  4. These are maintained by the government.

(2) Unmetalled roads :

  1. These are not all-weather roads.
  2. These are made of mud and gravel which are generally found in the rural areas.
  3. These are sometimes made even of sand and laid as extended roads.
  4. These may not be fit for use in the rainy season.
  5. The unmetalled roads are maintained by common people.
  6. One cannot go fast on these roads.

Q.6) What is meant by trade? What is the difference between international and local trade?

Ans.

Trade, international and local trade :

(a) The exchange of goods among people, states, and countries is known as trade.

(b) Difference between international and local trade is as given below :

International Trade Local trade
 (1) The exchange of commodities between two or more countries is termed international trade.

(2) It may take place through sea, air or land routes.

(3) Export and import are the components of international trade.

(4) Advancement of international trade of a country is an index to its economic prosperity. It is, therefore, considered the economic barometer for a country.

(5) The international trade leads to the earning of foreign exchange and benefits for the traders and .exporters in the country.

 (1) Local trade is carried out within cities,   towns or villages. Exchange of items takes place in local markets where items of local needs are catered to.

(2) Local trade mainly takes place through roads, railways, or inland waterways.

(3) Sale and purchase are the components of local trade.

(4) Advancement of local trade is a sign of the economic prosperity of the local people.

(5) It does not earn foreign exchange but helps in the fulfilment of the needs of the people.

Q.7 Why are the means of transportation and communication called the lifelines of a nation and its economy?

Ans.

Today, we are living in the age of communication, using the telephone, television, films, and the Internet. Even books, magazines and newspapers are important means of communication. Various means of transport and communication have reduced distances, bringing the world closer.

Modern life is so complex that one has to depend on others. The same is true of the countries as well. No country today can prosper without the cooperation and assistance of others. This requires the movement of goods and materials between countries.

Trade provides us with our necessities and also adds to the amenities and comfort of our life. We may also notice that they are rightly called the lifelines of our national economy.

Q.8) Write a note on the changing nature of international trade in the last fifteen years.

Ans.

The nature of international trade in the last fifteen years has changed due to, globalization. Earlier bilateral agreements were made to conduct trade between the two countries. But through globalization, an effort has been made to integrate national economies with the world economy.

Now producers from outside countries can sell their goods and services in other countries. Globalisation includes the movement of capital as well as workers from one country to another country. The restrictions on the import of goods have been removed. The organization, efforts are being made to have multi-lateral agreements for international trade.

WTO is regulating the international trade of goods as well as services. Thus international trade has undergone a sea change. The export of agriculture and allied products, ores, minerals, gems, jewellery, chemicals and allied products, engineering goods, and petroleum products have increased. On the other hand import of petroleum and petroleum products, pearls and precious stones, inorganic chemicals, coal, and coke have increased too.

Lifelines of National Economy Summary Class 10

The students will get to know about the following topics:

1. Transport

  1. Roadways
  2. Railways
  3. Pipelines
  4. Waterways
  5. Airways

2. Major Sea Ports

3. Communication

4. International Trade

5. Tourism as a trade

Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Important Questions and Answers PDF

Multiple-choice questions:

(i) Which two of the following extreme locations are connected by the EastWest corridor?(a) Mumbai and Nagpur

(b) Silchar and Porbandar

(c) Mumbai and Kolkata

(d) Nagpur and Siligudi

Ans. (b) Silchar and Porbandar

(ii) Which mode of transportation reduces trans-shipment losses and delays?(a) Railways

(b) Roadways

(c) Pipeline

(d) Waterways

Ans. (c) Pipeline

(iii) Which one of the following states is not connected with the H.V.J. pipeline?(a) Madhya Pradesh

(b) Maharashtra

(c) Gujarat

(d) Uttar Pradesh

Ans. (b) Maharashtra

(iv) Which one of the following ports is the deepest land-locked and well-protected port along the east coast?

(a) Chennai

(b) Paradwip

(c) Tuticorin

(d) Vishakhapatnam

Ans. d) Vishakhapatnam

(v) Which one of the following are the most important modes of transportation in India?(a) Pipeline

(b) Railways

(c) Roadways

(d) Airways

Ans. (b) Railways

(vi) Which one of the following terms is used to describe trade between two or more countries?(a) Internal trade

(b) International trade

(c) External trade

(d) Local trade

Ans. (b) International trade

Lifelines of National economy Class 10 Short Questions and Answers

Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

(i) State any three merits of roadways.

Ans.

Three merits of roadways are:

  1. The construction cost of roads is much lower than that of railway lines.
  2. Road transport is economical in the transportation of few persons and the relatively smaller amount of goods over short distances.
  3. Roads can traverse comparatively more dissected and undulating topography.

(ii) Where and why is a rail transport the most convenient means of transportation?Ans.

Rail transport is the most convenient means of transportation in the northern plains as there is level land, high population density and rich agricultural resources.

(iii) What is meant by trade? What is the difference between international and local trade?Ans.

The exchange of goods among people, states and countries is referred to as a trade. Trade between two countries is called international trade. Trade carried out in cities, towns and villages is called local trades.

Lifelines of National Economy class 10 Very Short Questions and Answers

Question 1. Why is there a need for a transport system? Mention any one reason.

Answer: The movement of goods and products from the supply locations to demand locations (markets) necessitates the need for transport.

Question 2. Which are the different types of transport?

Answer: The transport can be classified into land, water and, air transport.

Question 3. What are the factors for the growing importance of roadways? State two factors.

Answer:

  1. The construction cost of roads is much lower than that of railway lines.
  2. It provides door-to-door service.

Question 4. How are roads classified in India?

Answer: In India, roads are classified into six classes as mentioned below :

  1. Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways
  2. National Highways
  3. State Highways
  4. District Roads
  5. Other roads that link rural areas with towns
  6. Border Roads.

Question 5. Mention two types of airways.

Answer: Domestic Airways and International Airways.

Question 6. What is road density ?

Answer: The length of road per 100 sq. km of area is known as the density of roads.

Question 7. Why railway tracks are laid with difficulty in Rajasthan ?

Answer: It is difficult to lay railway lines on the sandy plain of Rajasthan.

Question 8. In recent times which railway has been developed along the west coast?

Answer: Konkan Railway.

Question 9. What is the use of pipeline transport?

Answer: Pipelines are used for transporting crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas from oil and natural gas fields to refineries, fertilizer factories and big thermal power plants.

Question 10. There are three important networks of pipeline transportation in the country. Mention anyone.

Answer: Gas pipeline from Hazira in Gujarat connects Jagdishpur in Uttar Pradesh via Vijaipur in Madhya Pradesh. It has branches in Kota in Rajasthan, Shahjahanpur, Babrala and other places in Uttar Pradesh.

Question 11. The northern plains provide favourable conditions for the growth of the railways. Mention any two.

Answer:

  1. Vast level land.
  2. High population density.

Question 12. Why are the waterways useful? State any two advantages.

Answer:

  1. Waterways are the cheapest means of transport.
  2. It is a fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly mode of transport.

Question 13. Which waterways have been declared National Waterways by the government?

Answer:

  1. The Ganga river between Allahabad and Haldia (1620 km) NW No. 1.
  2. The Brahmaputra river between Sadiya and Dhubri (891 km) NW No. 2.
  3. The West-Coast Canal in Kerala (205 km) NW No. 3.

Question 14. Which is the premier iron ore exporting port in the country?

Answer: Marmagao (Goa) is the premier iron ore exporting port in the country.

Question 15. Which is one of the oldest artificial ports in the country ?

Answer: Chennai is one of the oldest artificial ports in the country.

Question 16. What type of port is Kolkata ?

Answer: Kolkata is an inland riverine port.

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