Meditations Marcus Aurelius PDF

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Meditations Marcus Aurelius PDF Details
Meditations Marcus Aurelius
PDF Name Meditations Marcus Aurelius PDF
No. of Pages 128
PDF Size 1.89 MB
Language English
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Meditations Marcus Aurelius

Hello friends, here we are going to upload Meditations Marcus Aurelius PDF for all of you. Meditations is a famous Non-fiction series of personal writings. It was written by Marcus Aurelius. The full name of Marcus Aurelius is the Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. Recording his private notes to himself and ideas on Stoic philosophy, Marcus Aurelius is the Roman Emperor from AD 161 to 180.

In Koine Greek as a source for his own guidance and self-improvement, Marcus Aurelius Antoninus wrote the 12 books of the Meditations. While he was positioned at Aquincum on a campaign in Pannonia, some of it was written because internal notes tell us that the first book was written when he was campaigning against the Quadi on the river Granova and the second book was written at Carnuntum.

The original title of Meditations Marcus Aurelius is Unknown, probably untitled. It was originally written in the Country of Roman Empire in the Koine Greek language. The author of Meditations Marcus Aurelius is Marcus Aurelius Antoninus also a Stoic philosopher. He was the last of the rulers known as the Five Good Emperors.

Meditations Marcus Aurelius PDF: Details

Author Marcus Aurelius
Original title Unknown, probably untitled
Country Roman Empire
Language Koine Greek

Marcus Aurelius Meditations Summary PDF

Here you can easily read the Marcus Aurelius Meditations Chapter Summary.

  • The Meditations is basically Marcus’s personal journal. It’s a record of thoughts that is carefully composed, but it was never intended for a wider audience.
  • Originally, it wasn’t organized into the books, chapters, and sections we see today when we open any edition of the work. In fact, it can be hard to locate particular discussions within the Meditations, since they aren’t necessarily grouped thematically.
  • While all the books in the Meditations discuss existence, mortality, virtues, relationships with community and the gods, reason, duty, and death, certain books in the work stand out for their strong thematic concerns.
  • Book 1 is an extended shout-out to the people who shaped Marcus in some way, while Book 3 lays down some of Marcus’s foundational ideas, taken from his favourite Stoic philosophers.
  • Book 6 addresses duty, among other things, and Book 8 represents a time of reflection and regret in Marcus’s life when he realizes he will never be a real philosopher.
  • Book 9 gets pretty theological. In this one, Marcus discusses sin—both against the gods and humanity—and how man must behave in social ways for the good of the universe and himself.
  • Book 10 has a religious feel to it, with Marcus’s sensibility that “all is well and all shall be well for you” revealing his supreme confidence in the benevolence of the gods that order the universe.
  • By the time we reach Book 12, Marcus is nearing the end of his life, and he’s extremely interested in summing up and reiterating for himself his most important principles.
  • He’s not sentimental or nostalgic at all here, but he is concerned about being in a good place for death. Marcus ends with an envoy—a kind of farewell P.S.—that speaks of his readiness to receive his marching orders from the world, confident that the gods are his friends.

About Marcus Aurelius

Roman emperor
Reign 7 March 161 – 17 March 180
Predecessor Antoninus Pius
Successor Commodus
  • Lucius Verus (161–169)
  • Commodus (177–180)
Born 26 April 121
Rome, Italy
Died 17 March 180 (aged 58)
Vindobona, Pannonia Superior or
Sirmium, Pannonia Inferior
Hadrian’s Mausoleum
Spouse Faustina the Younger (145–175, her death)
14, including Commodus, Marcus Annius Verus Caesar, Lucilla, Annia Galeria Aurelia Faustina, Fadilla, Annia Cornificia Faustina Minor, and Vibia Aurelia Sabina
Marcus Aelius Aurelius Verus Caesar
(see section Name for details)
Regnal name
Imperator Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus
Dynasty Nerva–Antonine
  • Marcus Annius Verus
  • Antoninus Pius (adoptive)
Mother Domitia Calvilla
Philosophy career
Notable work
Era Hellenistic philosophy
Region Western philosophy
School Stoicism
Main interests
Notable ideas
Memento mori

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