Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF

Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF Download

Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF Download for free using the direct download link given at the bottom of this article.

Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF Details
Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers
PDF Name Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF
No. of Pages 2
PDF Size 0.05 MB
Language English
CategoryEnglish
Source pdffile.co.in
Download LinkAvailable ✔
Downloads17

Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers

Dear readers, today we are going to share Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF for all of you. From Nelson Mandela’s autobiography the story ‘Long Walk to Freedom’ is extracted. The Nelson Mandela Class 10 discusses the historic occasion of him becoming South Africa’s first Black President as well as his ideas and opinions on freedom.

Nelson Mandela was of the opinion that he had an obligation to his people along with his family. This story showcases his thoughts on the mistreatment that people of colour were subjected to. Through this article, you can easily get the important Questions and Answers to the Nelson Mandela Class 10 chapter.

It can be very beneficial in your exams to get a better score in your exams. Through the given Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers you can better be preparing for your exams. For those students who also studying in class 10th then the given Class 10 Questions and Answers will be very useful for them to get score well in examination.

Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF

Ques.1) Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of
sandstone?

Ans: The ceremonies took place on the campus of the Union Building of Pretoria. The Parliament House in New
Delhi, the Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi, the Supreme Court of India in New Delhi and the Madras High Court in Chennai are some examples of Indian public buildings that are made of sandstone.

Ques.2) Can you say how 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa?

Ans: 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa because on this day there was the largest gathering of international leaders on South African soil for the installation of South Africa’s first democratic, non-racial government.

Ques.3) At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions “an extraordinary human disaster”. What does he
mean by this? What is the “glorious … human achievement” he speaks of at the end?

Ans: By human disaster, Mandela means to say that coloured people have suffered a lot due to discrimination at the hands of whites. He considered it a great glorious human achievement that a black person became the president of a country where blacks are not considered human beings and are treated badly.

Ques.4) What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?

Ans: Mandela felt privileged to be the host to the nations of the world because not too long ago, the South Africans were considered outlaws. He thus thanked all the international leaders for having come to witness his investiture as President since this event could be considered a common victory for justice, peace and human dignity.

Ques.5) What ideas does he set out for the future of South Africa?

Ans: Mandela set out the ideals of poverty alleviation and removal of the suffering of people. He also set the ideal for a society where there would be no discrimination based on gender or racial origins.

Class 10 English First Flight Nelson Mandela Long Walk To Freedom Exercise – Oral  Comprehension Check

Ques.1) What do the military generals do? How has their attitude changed, and why?

Ans: The highest military generals of the South African defence force and police saluted Mandela and pledged
their loyalty. Their attitude towards blacks had taken great change. Instead of arresting a black, they saluted him.

Ques.2) Why were two national anthems sung?

Ans: On the day of the inauguration, two national anthems were sung, one by the whites, and the other by the blacks. This symbolized the equality of blacks and whites.

Ques.3) How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country (i) in the first decade, and (ii) in the final decade, of the twentieth century?

Ans: (i) In the first decade of the twentieth century, the white-skinned people of South Africa patched up their differences and erected a system of racial domination against the dark-skinned people of their own land, thus creating the basis of one of the harshest and most inhumane societies the world had ever known.

(ii) In the last decade of the twentieth century, the previous system had been overturned forever and replaced by one that recognized the rights and freedoms of all peoples, regardless of the colour of their skin.

Ques.4) What does courage mean to Mandela?

Ans: For Mandela courage does not mean the absence of fear but a victory over fear. According to him brave men
need not be fearless but should be able to conquer fear.

Ques.5) Which does he think is natural, to love or to hate?

Ans: For Mandela, love comes more naturally to the human heart than hate.

Ques.6) What “twin obligations” does Mandela mention?

Ans: Mandela mentions that every man has twin obligations. The first is to his family, parents, wife and children; the second obligation is to his people, his community and his country.

Ques.7) What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy and as a student? How does he contrast these “transitory freedoms” with “the basic and honourable freedoms”?

Ans: Like any other kid for Mandela also freedom meant the freedom to make merry and enjoy a blissful life. Once anybody becomes an adult the antics of childhood look transitory because the most childish activity is wasteful from an adult’s perspective. Once you are an adult then someday you have to earn a livelihood to bring the bacon home, then only you get an honourable existence in the family and in society.

Ques.8) Does Mandela think the oppressor is free? Why/Why not?

Ans: Mandela does not feel that the oppressor is free because according to him an oppressor is a prisoner of hatred, who is locked behind the bars of prejudice and narrow-mindedness. He feels that both the oppressor and the oppressed are robbed of their humanity.

Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF – Thinking about the Language

Ques.1) There are nouns in the text (formation, government) which are formed from the corresponding verbs (form, govern) by suffixing − (at)ion or ment. There may be changes in the spelling of some verb-noun pairs: such as rebel, rebellion; constitute and constitution.

Noun Verb
rebellion rebel
constitution constitute

Ans:

Noun Verb
Constitution Constitute
Oppression Oppress
Formation Form
Government Govern
Obligation Oblige
Transformation Transform
Discrimination Discriminate
Deprivation Deprive
Demonstration Demonstrate

Ques.2) Martin Luther King’s __________ (contribute) to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came to the __________ (assist) of Rosa Parks, a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. In those days American Blacks were confined to positions of second-class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs. To break these laws would mean __________ (subjugate) and __________ (humiliate) by the police and the legal system. Beatings, __________ (imprison) and sometimes death awaited those who defied the System. Martin Lither King’s tactics of protest involved non-violent __________ (resist) to racial injustice.

Ans: Martin Luther King’s contribution (contribute) to our history as an outstanding leader began when he came
to the assistance (assist) of Rosa Parks, a seamstress who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. In those days American Blacks were confined to positions of second-class citizenship by restrictive laws and customs. To break these laws would mean subjugation(subjugation) and humiliation(humiliation) by the police and the legal system. Beatings, imprisonment(imprison) and sometimes death awaited those who defied the System. Martin Luther King’s tactics of protest involved non-violent resistance (resist) to racial injustice.

Ques.3) Here are some more examples of ‘the’ used with proper names. Try to say what these sentences mean. (You may consult a dictionary if you wish. Look at the entry for ‘the’)

1. Mr Singh regularly invites Amitabh Bachchan and the Shah Rukh Khans to his parties.
2. Many people think that Madhuri Dixit is the Madhubala of our times.
3. History is not only the story of the Alexanders, the Napoleons and the Hitlers, but of ordinary people as well.

Ans: 1. This means that Mr Singh regularly invites famous personalities such as Amitabh Bachchan and Shah Rukh Khan to his parties.
2. This means that Madhuri Dixit is compared to a landmark in acting in the form of legendary actress Madhubala.
3. This means that history is not only the story of the great fighters and leaders such as Alexander, Napoleon and Hitler but also of ordinary people.

Ques.4) Nelson Mandela’s writing is marked by balance: many sentences have two parts in balance. Use the following phrases to complete the sentences given below.

(i) they can be taught to love. 

(ii) I was born free. 

(iii) But triumph over it. 

(iv) But he who conquers that fear. 

(v) To create such heights of character.

1. It requires such depths of oppression ___________________

Ans: (v) to create such heights of character.

2. Courage was not the absence of fear __________________

Ans: (iii) but the triumph over it.

3. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid _________________

Ans: (iv) but he who conquers that fear

4. If people can learn to hate _________________

Ans: (i) they can be taught to love

5. I was not born with a hunger to be free. _________________

Ans: (ii) I was born free

Ques.5) This text repeatedly contrasts the past with the present or the future. We can use coordinated clauses to contrast two views, for emphasis or effect. Given below are sentences carrying one part of the contrast. Find in the text the second part of the contrast, and complete each item. Identify the words which signal the contrast. This has been done for you in the first item.

1. For decades the Union Buildings had been the seat of white supremacy, and now …..

Ans: It was the site of a rainbow gathering of different colours and nations.

2. Only moments before, the highest generals of the South African defence force and police … saluted me and pledged their loyalty. … not so many years before they would not have saluted ________________

Ans: but arrested me.

3. Although that day neither group knew the lyrics of the anthem …, they would soon ________________

Ans: know the words by heart.

4. My country is rich in the minerals and gems that lie beneath its soil, _________________

Ans: but I have always known that its greatest wealth is its people, finer and truer than the purest diamonds.

5. The Air Show was not only a display of pinpoint precision and military force, but ________________

Ans: but a demonstration of the military’s loyalty to democracy, to a new government that had been freely and fairly elected.

6. It was this desire for the freedom of my people … that transformed _______________ into a bold one, that drove _______________ to become a criminal, that turned ________________ into a man without a home. 

Ans: frightened young man, a law-abiding attorney, a family-loving husband.

You can download Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF by using the following download link.


Nelson Mandela Class 10 Questions and Answers PDF Download Link