Sexually Transmitted Diseases PDF

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases PDF Details
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
PDF Name Sexually Transmitted Diseases PDF
No. of Pages 88
PDF Size 0.54 MB
Language English
Source apps.who.int
Download LinkAvailable ✔
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Here in this article, we have brought for you Sexually Transmitted Diseases PDF. If you are unable to find the Sexually Transmitted Diseases PDF then no need to worry. we are here for your help. Here on this page you can free get Sexually Transmitted Diseases PDF. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are diseases that spread from person to person through sexual contact.

Contact is usually vaginal, oral, and anal sex but sometimes they can be spread through other intimate physical contacts such as skin-to-skin contact. Here we have also uploaded the list of sexually transmitted diseases/infections PDF in English for you.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases PDF- Highlights

  • Bacterial Vaginosis. Any woman can get bacterial vaginosis
  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Hepatitis
  • Herpes
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection. …
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Genital herpes
  • Pubic lice
  • Syphilis
  • Trichomoniasis

List of Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Infections

  • Headaches
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Fatigue/weakness
  • Appetite loss
  • Weight loss
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Itchy, rashy skin/skin lesions
  • Chronic coughing
  • Confusion/delirium
  • Difficulty breathing

Risk Factors

Anyone who is sexually active carries some degree of risk of being exposed to an STD or STI. Factors that increase that risk include:

  • Having unprotected sex. Vaginal or anal penetration by an infected partner who is not wearing a latex condom significantly increases the risk of getting an STI. Improper or inconsistent use of condoms can also increase the risk.
  • Oral sex may be less risky, but infections can also be spread without a latex condom or dental dam — a thin, square piece of rubber made from latex or silicone.
  • Having sexual contact with multiple partners. The more people you have sexual contact with, the higher your risk.
  • Having a history of STIs. Having one STI makes it much easier to catch another STI.
  • Being compelled to engage in sexual activities. Dealing with rape or assault is difficult, but it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible to receive screening, treatment, and emotional support.
  • Alcohol abuse or use of recreational drugs. Substance abuse can impair your judgment, making you more willing to participate in risky behaviors.
  • Injectable drugs. Needle sharing spreads a number of serious infections, including HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.
  • Being Young. Half of new STIs occur in people between the ages of 15 and 24.

Prevention From Sexually Transmitted Diseases

There are many ways to avoid or reduce the risk of STDs or STIs.

  • Avoidance. The most effective way to avoid STIs is to not have sex (stay away from it).
  • Live with an uninfected partner. Another reliable way to avoid STIs is to be in a long-term relationship in which both people only have sex with each other and neither partner is infected.
  • Wait and test. Avoid vaginal and anal intercourse with new partners until both of you have been tested for STIs. Oral sex is less risky, but use a latex condom or dental dam to prevent skin-to-skin contact between the oral and genital mucous membranes.
  • Get vaccinated Getting vaccinated early, before sexual contact, is also effective in preventing some types of STIs. Vaccines are available to prevent human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis A, and hepatitis B.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends the HPV vaccine for girls and boys between the ages of 11 and 12, although it can be given as early as age 9. If not fully vaccinated by age 11 and 12, the CDC recommends getting vaccinated. through the age of 26.

Hepatitis B vaccine is usually given to newborns, and hepatitis A vaccine is given to 1-year-olds. Both vaccines are recommended for people who are not already immune to these diseases and for those who are at increased risk of infection, such as men who have sex with men and IV drug users.

  • Use condoms and dental dams consistently and correctly. Use a new latex condom or dental dam for each sexual act, whether oral, vaginal, or anal. Never use an oil-based lubricant, such as petroleum jelly, with a latex condom or dental dam.

Condoms made with natural membranes are not recommended because they are not effective in preventing STIs. Also, keep in mind that while latex condoms reduce the risk of exposure to most STIs, they offer less protection for STIs associated with exposed genital sores, such as HPV or herpes.

In addition, non-blocking forms of contraception, such as birth control pills or intrauterine devices (IUDs), do not protect against STIs.

  • Don’t drink too much alcohol or use drugs. If you are under the influence, you are more likely to take sexual risks.
    communicate. Before any serious sexual contact, talk to your partner about having safe sex. Make sure you agree specifically about what activities will be okay and what won’t.
  • Consider male circumcision. For men, there is evidence that circumcision can help reduce the risk of acquiring HIV from a woman with HIV by 60%. Male circumcision can also help prevent the transmission of genital HPV and genital herpes.
  • Consider using pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the use of two combination drugs to reduce the risk of HIV infection in people at high risk. They are emtricitabine plus tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (Truvada) and emtricitabine plus tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (Descovy).

Your doctor will prescribe these medicines for HIV prevention only if you do not already have HIV. You will need an HIV test before you start taking PrEP and every three months for as long as you are taking it.

Your doctor will also test your kidney function before prescribing Truvada and will continue to test it every six months. If you have hepatitis B, you should be evaluated by an infectious disease or liver specialist before starting treatment.

These medicines should be taken every day, exactly as prescribed. for disease control and prevention According to the Centers, if you use Truvada daily, you can reduce your risk of getting HIV from sex by about 99% and by more than 74 percent using injection medication. Research shows that Descovy is equally effective in reducing the risk of getting HIV from sex. However, Descovy has not been studied in people who have had receptive vaginal sex. Using additional prevention, such as condoms, can further reduce your risk and prevent other STIs.

Here you can free download the Sexually Transmitted Diseases PDF by clicking the link given below.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases PDF Download Link

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