Voynich Manuscript PDF

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Voynich Manuscript PDF Details
Voynich Manuscript
PDF Name Voynich Manuscript PDF
No. of Pages 209
PDF Size 3.18 MB
Language English
CategoryEducation & Jobs
Source pdffile.co.in
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Voynich Manuscript

Dear readers, here we are offering Voynich Manuscript PDF to all of you. Voynich Manuscript is an illustrated codex hand-written in an otherwise unknown writing system. It is also known as Beinecke MS 408. It is said that the earliest information about existence comes from a letter that was found inside the covers of the manuscript, and it was written in either 1665 or 1666.

It is the most mysterious book found ever in Human history. Voynich Manuscript is based on the subject matter of the drawings, the contents of the manuscript fall into six sections. If you want to get this amazing book in pdf format then go through this article.

Voynich Manuscript PDF High Resolution – Overview

Also known as Beinecke MS 408
Type codex
Date unknown, parchment dated to the early 15th century
Place of origin possibly Italy
Language(s) unknown
possibly natural or constructed language
a very small number of words were found in Latin and High German
Author(s) unknown
suggested:
Roger Bacon,
Wilfrid Voynich himself,
Jakub of Tepenec,
Athanasius Kircher,
Raphael Mnishovsky,
Antonio Averlino Filarete,
Cornelis Drebbel,
Anthony Ascham etc.
Material vellum
Size ≈ 23.5 cm × 16.2 cm × 5 cm (9.3 in × 6.4 in × 2.0 in)
Format one column in the page body, with a slightly indented right margin and with paragraph divisions, and often with stars in the left margin;
the rest of the manuscript appears in the form of graphics i.e. diagrams or markings for certain parts related to illustrations;
the manuscript contains foldable parts
Condition partially damaged and incomplete;
240 out of 272 pages found (≈ 88%)
i.e. 18 out of 20 quires found
(272 pages i.e. 20 quires is the smallest estimated number, and it contains > 170,000 characters)
Script unknown
possibly an invented script
very small number of words found in Latin script
Contents herbal, astronomical, balneological, cosmological, and pharmaceutical sections + section with recipes
Illumination(s) color ink, a bit crude, was used for painting the figures, probably later than the time of the creation of the text and the outlines themselves
Exemplar(s) two manuscript copies which Baresch sent twice to Kircher in Rome
Previously kept ?   Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor → Jakub of Tepenec → Georg Baresch  Athanasius Kircher (copies) → Jan Marek Marci (Joannes Marcus Marci) → rector of Charles University in Prague → Athanasius Kircher → Pieter Jan Beckx → Wilfrid Voynich → Ethel Voynich → Anne Nill → Hans Peter Kraus → Yale
Discovered earliest information about the existence comes from a letter that was found inside the covers of the manuscript, and it was written in either 1665 or 1666
Accession MS 408
Other cryptography case which has not been solved or deciphered

Voynich Manuscript PDF Illustrations

Sr. No. illustrations Description
1. Herbal, 112 folios: Each page displays one or two plants and a few paragraphs of text, a format typical of European herbals of the time. Some parts of these drawings are larger and cleaner copies of sketches seen in the “pharmaceutical” section. None of the plants depicted are unambiguously identifiable.
2. Astronomical, 21 folios: Contains circular diagrams suggestive of astronomy or astrology, some of them with suns, moons, and stars. One series of 12 diagrams depicts conventional symbols for the zodiacal constellations (two fish for Pisces, a bull for Taurus, a hunter with crossbow for Sagittarius, etc.). Each of these has 30 female figures arranged in two or more concentric bands. Most of the females are at least partly nude, and each holds what appears to be a labeled star or is shown with the star attached to either arm by what could be a tether or cord of some kind. The last two pages of this section were lost (Aquarius and Capricornus, roughly January and February), while Aries and Taurus are split into four paired diagrams with 15 women and 15 stars each. Some of these diagrams are on fold-out pages.
3. Balneological, 20 folios: A dense, continuous text interspersed with drawings, mostly showing small nude women, some wearing crowns, bathing in pools or tubs connected by an elaborate network of pipes. The bifolio consists of folios 78 (verso) and 81 (recto); it forms an integrated design, with water flowing from one folio to the other.
4. Cosmological, 13 folios: More circular diagrams, but they are of an obscure nature. This section also has foldouts; one of them spans six pages, commonly called the Rosettes folio, and contains a map or diagram with nine “islands” or “rosettes” connected by “causeways” and containing castles, as well as what might be a volcano.
5. Pharmaceutical, 34 folios: Many labeled drawings of isolated plant parts (roots, leaves, etc.), objects resembling apothecary jars, ranging in style from the mundane to the fantastical, and a few text paragraphs.
6. Recipes, 22 folios: Full pages of text broken into many short paragraphs, each marked with a star in the left margin.

Five folios contain only text, and at least 28 folios are missing from the manuscript.

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