Yellowstone Map PDF

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Yellowstone Map PDF Details
Yellowstone Map
PDF Name Yellowstone Map PDF
No. of Pages 2
PDF Size 2.09 MB
Language English
CategoryGovernment
Source pdfsource.org
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Yellowstone Map

Dear readers, here we are providing Yellowstone Map PDF to all of you. Yellowstone National Park was America’s first national park. It is an American national park located in the Wyoming, western United States. Yellowstone National Park was established in 1872.

Yellowstone is one of the country’s most popular national parks with millions of annual visitors. It gained huge popularity among the people. A map of Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming, shows the outline of the caldera of the massive Yellowstone supervolcano. The Yellowstone supervolcano last erupted about 640,000 years ago.

Yellowstone Map PDF

The park contains the headwaters of the Yellowstone River, from which it takes its historical name. Near the end of the 18th century, French trappers named the river Roche Jaune, which is probably a translation of the Hidatsa name Mi tsi a-da-zi (“Yellow Rock River”). Later, American trappers rendered the French name in English as “Yellow Stone”. Although it is commonly believed that the river was named for the yellow rocks seen in the Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, the Native American name source is unclear.

The human history of the park began at least 11,000 years ago when Native Americans began to hunt and fish in the region. During the construction of the post office in Gardiner, Montana, in the 1950s, an obsidian point of Clovis origin was found that dated from approximately 11,000 years ago. These Paleo-Indians, of the Clovis culture, used the significant amounts of obsidian found in the park to make cutting tools and weapons.

Arrowheads made of Yellowstone obsidian have been found as far away as the Mississippi Valley, indicating that a regular obsidian trade existed between local tribes and tribes farther east. By the time white explorers first entered the region during the Lewis and Clark Expedition in 1805, they encountered the Nez Perce, Crow, and Shoshone tribes. While passing through present-day Montana, the expedition members heard of the Yellowstone region to the south, but they did not investigate it.

In 1806, John Colter, a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, left to join a group of fur trappers. After splitting up with the other trappers in 1807, Colter passed through a portion of what later became the park, during the winter of 1807–1808. He observed at least one geothermal area in the northeastern section of the park, near Tower Fall.

After surviving wounds he suffered in a battle with members of the Crow and Blackfoot tribes in 1809, Colter described a place of “fire and brimstone” that most people dismissed as delirium; the supposedly mystical place was nicknamed “Colter’s Hell”. Over the next 40 years, numerous reports from mountain men and trappers told of boiling mud, steaming rivers, and petrified trees, yet most of these reports were believed at the time to be myths.

Location
  • United States
    • Park County, Wyoming
    • Teton County, Wyoming
    • Gallatin County, Montana
    • Park County, Montana
    • Fremont County, Idaho
Nearest town West Yellowstone, Montana
Coordinates 44°35′47″N 110°32′50″WCoordinates: 44°35′47″N 110°32′50″W[2]
Area 2,219,791 acres (8,983.18 km2)
Elevation 8,104 ft (2,470 m)
Established March 1, 1872; 150 years ago
Visitors 3,806,306 (in 2020)
Governing body U.S. National Park Service
Website www.nps.gov/yell/
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Type Natural
Criteria vii, viii, ix, x
Designated 1978 (2nd session)
Reference no. 28[5]
Region The Americas
Endangered 1995–2003

After an 1856 exploration, mountain man Jim Bridger (also believed to be the first or second European American to have seen the Great Salt Lake) reported observing boiling springs, spouting water, and a mountain of glass and yellow rock. These reports were largely ignored because Bridger was a known “spinner of yarns”. In 1859, a U.S. Army Surveyor named Captain William F.

Raynolds embarked on a two-year survey of the northern Rockies. After wintering in Wyoming, in May 1860, Raynolds and his party—which included naturalist Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden and guide Jim Bridger—attempted to cross the Continental Divide over Two Ocean Plateau from the Wind River drainage in northwest Wyoming. Heavy spring snows prevented their passage, but had they been able to traverse the divide, the party would have been the first organized survey to enter the Yellowstone region. The American Civil War hampered further organized explorations until the late 1860s.

The first detailed expedition to the Yellowstone area was the Cook–Folsom–Peterson Expedition of 1869, which consisted of three privately funded explorers. The Folsom party followed the Yellowstone River to Yellowstone Lake. The members of the Folsom party kept a journal- based on the information it reported, a party of Montana residents organized the Washburn–Langford–Doane Expedition in 1870. It was headed by the surveyor-general of Montana Henry Washburn and included Nathaniel P.

Langford (who later became known as “National Park” Langford) and a U.S. Army detachment commanded by Lt. Gustavus Doane. The expedition spent about a month exploring the region, collecting specimens, and naming sites of interest. A Montana writer and lawyer named Cornelius Hedges, who had been a member of the Washburn expedition, proposed that the region should be set aside and protected as a national park; he wrote detailed articles about his observations for the Helena Herald newspaper between 1870 and 1871.

Hedges essentially restated comments made in October 1865 by acting Montana Territorial Governor Thomas Francis Meagher, who had previously commented that the region should be protected. Others made similar suggestions. In an 1871 letter from Jay Cooke to Ferdinand V.Hayden, Cooke wrote that his friend, Congressman William D. Kelley had also suggested: “Congress pass a bill reserving the Great Geyser Basin as a public park forever”.

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